country profile

Official title: Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Iran 
international short form: Iran
international long form: Islamic Republic of Iran 
former name: Persia 
ISO Country Code: ir, irn 


Local Time = UTC +3.5h 

Summer UTC +4.5

Capital city

Country Calling Code: +98
Capital City: Tehran

the biggest Cities of Iran (Iran has 31 provinces)

1.Tehran (15,232,564)

2.Mashhad (2,782,976)

3.Isfahan (2,391,738)

4.Karaj (1,967,005)

5.Tabriz (1,800,000)

6.Shiraz (1,460,665)

7.Qom (1,374,036)

8.Ahvaz (1,136,989)

9.Urmia (963,738)

10.Kermanshah (851,405)


80 million


Government type: Islamic republic
Head of state: Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ali Hosseini-Khamenei  
Independence day: 1 April 1979 (Islamic Republic of Iran proclaimed) 
Constitution: confirmed December 1979, revised 1989 to expand powers of the presidency and eliminate the prime ministership.


Location: Middle East bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea.
Area: 1.6 million km²
Terrain: Desert and mountains.


Semiarid; subtropical along the Caspian coast. 


Nationality: Iranian(s).
Population: 79 million (in 2017).
GNI per capita PPP: $ 8 065 (year)
Ethnic groups: Persians 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%.
Religions: Shi'a Muslim 89%; Sunni Muslim 9%; Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i 2%.
Languages: Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other.
Literacy: 80%

Natural resources

Petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur.

Agriculture products

 Wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, fruits, nuts, cotton; dairy products, wool; caviar.


Petroleum, petrochemicals, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), metal fabrication, armaments.

Exports – commodities

petroleum 80%, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits and nuts, carpets, cement, ore

Exports – partners

China 22.2%, India9.9%, Turkey 8.4%, Japan 4.5% (2015)

Imports – commodities

industrial supplies, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods, technical services

Imports – partners

UAE 39.6%, China 22.4%, South Korea 4.7%, Turkey 4.6% (2015)


Iranian Rail (IRR)



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